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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2005  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 71-73

Dentofacial changes and oral health status in mentally challenged children


1 Dept. of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Wardha (MS), India
2 Dept. of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Govt. Dental College and Hospital, Raipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Rahul Bhowate
9B, Asara, Akanksha Vihar, Manor-Manglya Lane, Old Bye Pass Road, Amravati - 444 605
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.16445

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The study was carried out on 69 mentally challenged individuals. They were subjected to detailed clinical evaluation for dentofacial abnormalities and oral health status. Of the 69 mentally handicapped individuals 27 had Downs syndrome and 42 had cerebral palsy. Characteristic facial abnormalities were seen in children with Downs syndrome. In cerebral palsy, fracture maxillary anteriors were more evident. All the Downs syndrome cases had abnormal TMJ movements but in cerebral palsy only 35.7% of individuals had abnormal TMJ movements. In both the groups, submandibular lymph adenopathy was reported. Present study revealed dental caries in 56.0% of the individuals. Fair clinical level of oral hygiene in 60% of the individuals was seen.






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  2005 - Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 
Online since 1st May '05