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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-17

Dental aesthetic index: Applicability in Indian population: A retrospective study


1 K.M Shah Dental College and Hospital, Waghodia Road, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
2 YMTA Research Centre Dental College and Hospital, Kharghar, Navi Mumbai-410 210, Maharashtra, India
3 Modern Dental College and Hospital, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
K S Poonacha
K.M Shah Dental College and Hospital, Pipariya, Waghodia Road, Vadodara Dist, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.60483

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A variety of indices have been developed to assist professionals in categorizing malocclusion according to treatment needs. Dental aesthetic index (DAI) is one such index. DAI quantifies the normal variations usually seen and the dentofacial anomalies. A retrospective study on hundred available and treated cases was carried out on the casts. This survey was mainly carried out to determine the role of pedodontist in early identification of dental anomalies using DAI and sound referral of the patient to the orthodontist for better comprehensive care during the growth period in children. The materials used to collect data included periodontal probe with millimeter markings, ruler, calipers, pencil, and eraser. The results showed that when grouped according to various malocclusion severity levels by DAI, 3% had no or minor malocclusion indicating no or slight need of treatment, 15% had definite malocclusion and the treatment needed was elective, 27% had severe malocclusion and treatment was highly desirable, and remaining 55% of the casts had very severe or handicapping malocclusion and the treatment was mandatory. This study shows that DAI can be effectively used to evaluate and recognize the orthodontic needs of Indian children with permanent dentition and treated at an early stage so that the treatment is more effective.






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