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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 230-233

Congenital epulis: A rare benign tumor in the newborn


1 PhD Student, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry of Araraquara, Univ. Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Araraquara, SP, Brazil
2 Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry of Araraquara, Univ. Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Araraquara, SP, Brazil
3 Associate Professor, Department of Physiology and Pathology, School of Dentistry of Araraquara, Univ. Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Araraquara, SP, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
J Hebling
Rua Humaitá, 1680, CEP: 14801-903, Araraquara - São Paulo
Brazil
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DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.73787

PMID: 21157060

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Congenital epulis (CE) of the newborn is a rare benign soft tissue tumor that presents at birth. It occurs usually as a single mass with various sizes, although some multiple lesions have also been reported. The lesion is more common in female neonates and normally affects the maxillary alveolar ridge. Rare recurrence and no malignant alteration have also been reported. This condition may interfere with respiration, feeding or adequate closure of the mouth. A decisive diagnosis is made by histopathologic analysis as other newborn lesions can be incorrectly diagnosed as CE. This article presents a case report of a female infant who presented a fibrotic mass in the primary lateral incisor and canine region of the maxillary alveolar ridge. The lesion was not causing feeding or respiratory problems. After a watchful waiting procedure and no spontaneous regression, the lesion was excised under local anesthesia and confirmed by histopathologic analysis as CE.






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