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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-112

The relationship between salivary IgA levels and dental caries in children


1 Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Karnavati School of Dentistry, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Mahatma Gandhi dental college, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Rajah Muthiah dental college and hospital, Annamalai University, Tamilnadu, India

Correspondence Address:
E Ranadheer
Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Karnavati School of Dentistry, 907/A, Uvarsad, Dist: Gandhinagar, Gujarat - 382 422
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.84681

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Purpose: The aim of the study was to find the relationship between salivary IgA (s-IgA) levels and dental caries in children. Materials and Methods: A total of 40 children in the age group of 8 to 12 years were selected and divided into two groups. Group I with DMFT score 0 and Group II with DMFT score ≥3. The whole unstimulated s-IgA levels were estimated using ELISA method. Results: Whole s-IgA levels were significantly higher in group II with DMFT score ≥3 as compared with group I with DMFT score 0. Conclusions: There was an increase in s-IgA levels in caries-active mouth to give protection mechanism against dental caries and the Streptococcus mutans which are active in caries-active mouth. The s-IgA antibodies can play an important role in control of dental caries.






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