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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 310-314

Role of plaque in the clearance of salivary sucrose and its influence on salivary ph


1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Rama Dental College Hospital and Research Center, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Bharti Vidya Peeth University Dental College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
A Kumar
Reader, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Rama Dental College Hospital and Research Center, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.86377

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Background: The prevalence of dental caries in children, in India, is higher than many of the industrialized countries. The sugar most commonly associated with dental caries is sucrose, as the microorganisms in the dental plaque have the ability to convert this dietary constituent into various organic acids. Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to study the effect of the presence of plaque on the salivary clearance of sucrose and to study the effect of the presence of plaque on salivary pH, following sucrose clearance. Materials and Methods: Salivary sucrose determination was done by using the anthrone technique. A Digital MHOS pH meter estimated the salivary pH. Results: Presence of plaque increased the salivary sucrose clearance time and decreased the salivary pH at various time intervals. Conclusions: The microbial etiology of dental caries is the dynamic relationship among the dental plaque microbiota, dietary carbohydrates, saliva and pH lowering, and the cariogenic potential of the dental plaque. Caries occur preferentially in the dentition sites characterized by high exposure to carbohydrate and diminished salivary effect.






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  2005 - Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 
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