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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 315-323

Comparative evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of three different formulations of mouth rinses with multi-herbal mouth rinse


1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, ITS Centre for Dental Studies and Research, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, ITS Centre for Dental Studies and Research, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Isha Jain
Senior Lecturer, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, ITS-Centre of Dental Studies and Research, National Highway 58, Murad Nagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.191409

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Context: In response to the propagation of various anti-Streptococcus preventive agents, the discovery of newer and more efficient agents which are more economical, efficacious, and safe are gaining popularity in today's era. Aims: The purpose was to compare the antimicrobial efficacy of multi-herbal mouth rinse with essential oil-based, fluoride containing, and 0.2% chlorhexidine digluconate mouth rinses, well-evidenced chemical formulations, against Streptococcus mutans. Settings and Design: It is triple-blinded randomized controlled trial. Methodology: One hundred and twenty adolescents aged between 15 and 17 years were randomized into four groups: (a) multi-herbal mouth rinse, 15 ml twice a day; (b) 0.2% chlorhexidine mouth rinse, 15 ml twice a day; (c) essential oil mouth rinse, 15 ml twice a day (d) 0.2% sodium fluoride mouth rinse, twice a day. Salivary and plaque samples were collected from subjects and oral streptococci colony forming units (CFUs)/mL was assessed using TYCSB agar. Statistical Analysis Used: Repeated measures of ANOVA were used to compare the various mouthrinses followed by post hoc Bonferroni test for comparing multi-herbal mouthrinse with other mouthrinses. Significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: At baseline, there was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of baseline data groups, but reduction of S. mutans colony count of multi-herbal mouth rinse in comparison with the other mouthrinses had statistically significant values except Fluoride mouth rinse till 1 week postrinsing. Conclusion: Chlorhexidine and multi-herbal mouth rinses showed statistically significant reduction in the S. mutans CFU count, in terms of efficacy and substantivity both.






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