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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 193-197

Assessment of maternal risk factors and its relationship with early childhood caries among preschool children in Mangaluru city


1 Department of Pedodontics, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka; Department of Preventive Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Pedodontics; Preventive Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Pedodontics, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
K M Ramya
Lecturer, Department of Pedodontis and Preventive Dentistry, A. J. Shetty Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangaluru - 575 004, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_187_16

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Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the maternal risk factors and its relationship with early childhood caries (ECC) among preschoolchildren in Mangaluru city. Methods: Children aged 3–5 years attending preschool (Anganwadi) and their mothers were included in the study. A total of 120 child–mother pairs participated in the study. The maternal risk factors were assessed by a pretested questionnaire. After obtaining the consent, the mother and their children were clinically examined for dental caries using the WHO criteria (1997). Results were analyzed using SPSS 18.0. Results: Significant difference was found in mother's caries activity, high level of Streptococcus mutans, brushing frequency, diet of the mother, and their child's caries experience. Conclusion: A relationship between maternal risk factors and ECC is a result of a multifactorial and a comprehensive model that includes psychological and behavioral aspects. Caries prevention strategy should be that every child should receive oral care before age of one so that needful children can be instituted with preventive measures and their parents can be targeted for educational programs.






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