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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 172-176

Effectiveness of “Audio-tactile Performance Technique” to improve the oral hygiene status of visually impaired schoolchildren


Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sharad Pawar Dental College, DMIMS (Deemed to be University), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jefry Johny
Quarter No. 2125, Shobhapur Colony, P.O Pathakhera, Betul - 460 449, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.261344

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Background: Maintaining oral hygiene is a challenging task for the visually impaired population. Oral health is often overlooked because of lack of knowledge about oral health practices. Therefore, there was a need to train visually impaired individuals with the aid of customized techniques so that the understanding of brushing technique could be perceived at its best. Aims and Objective: Comparative evaluation to check the effectiveness of “Audio-tactile Performance Technique (ATP)” to improve oral hygiene status of visually impaired schoolchildren. Subjects and Methods: The present study was an interventional study of 92 visually impaired children in Wardha district. Their knowledge regarding oral hygiene practices was tested with a verbal questionnaire in a pre- and post-test to check the improvement in their knowledge after imparting health education. Fones method of toothbrushing was taught by “ATP,” and a health talk was delivered. The plaque scores were recorded using the Quigley–Hein Plaque Index (modified by Turesky et al.) at baseline and at the end of 3 months. Periodic reinforcement was provided twice at an interval of 20 days in between the visits. Statistical Analysis Used: The collected data were tabulated and analyzed using Student's paired t-test in Stata version 15.1, and kappa statistics were done to test inter-rater reliability and agreement was found to be 90%. Results: There was a statistically significant decrease in the postinterventional plaque scores from 2.78 to 1.63 (P < 0.05) and an increase in the posthealth education test scores from 1.98 to 8.21 (P < 0.05). A substantial decrease in the percentage of children, who had high plaque scores initially, was seen postintervention. Conclusions: The “ATP” along with oral health education served as a very effective customized method of teaching oral hygiene practices and its maintenance to the visually impaired children.






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