Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
                                                   Official journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry                           
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 111--115

Dental anomalies of the deciduous dentition among Indian children: A survey from Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India


Shravani Govind Deolia1, Chaya Chhabra2, Kumar Gaurav Chhabra3, Shrivardhan Kalghatgi4, Naresh Khandelwal5 
1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Jodhpur Dental College, General Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Jodhpur Dental College, General Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
5 Department of Orthodontics and Dento-Facial Orthopedics, Jodhpur Dental College, General Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shravani Govind Deolia
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Sawangi (M), Wardha, Maharashtra
India

Background: Anomalies and enamel hypoplasia of deciduous dentition are routinely encountered by dental professionals and early detection and careful management of such conditions facilitates may help in customary occlusal development. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypodontia, microdontia, double teeth, and hyperdontia of deciduous teeth among Indian children. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised 1,398 children (735 boys, 633 girls). The children were examined in department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry in Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. Clinical data were collected by single dentist according to Kreiborg criteria, which includes double teeth, hypodontia, microdontia, and supernumerary teeth. Statistical analysis of the data was performed using the descriptive analysis and chi-square test. Results: Dental anomalies were found in 4% of children. The distribution of dental anomalies were significantly more frequent (P = 0.001) in girls (5.8%, n = 38) than in boys (2.7%, n = 18). In relation to anomaly frequencies at different ages, significant difference was found between 2 and 3 years (P = 0.001). Conclusion: Double teeth were the most frequently (2.3%) observed anomaly. The other anomalies followed as 0.3% supernumerary teeth, 0.6% microdontia, 0.6% hypodontia. Identification of dental anomalies at an early age is of great importance as it prevents malocclusions, functional and certain psychological problems.


How to cite this article:
Deolia SG, Chhabra C, Chhabra KG, Kalghatgi S, Khandelwal N. Dental anomalies of the deciduous dentition among Indian children: A survey from Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2015;33:111-115


How to cite this URL:
Deolia SG, Chhabra C, Chhabra KG, Kalghatgi S, Khandelwal N. Dental anomalies of the deciduous dentition among Indian children: A survey from Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Aug 25 ];33:111-115
Available from: http://www.jisppd.com/article.asp?issn=0970-4388;year=2015;volume=33;issue=2;spage=111;epage=115;aulast=Deolia;type=0