Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
                                                   Official journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry                           
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 312--318

Prospective analysis of factors associated with dental behavior management problems, in children aged 7-11 years


Ramya Pai, Praveenkumar Mandroli, Deepa Benni, Pallavi Pujar 
 Post Graduate Student, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Maratha Mandal's Nathajirao G. Halgekar Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Belgaum, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ramya Pai
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Maratha Mandal俟Q製 Nathajirao G. Halgekar Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, R.S No. 47 A/2, Bauxite Road, Near K.S.R.P Ground, Belgaum - 590 010, Karnataka
India

Aim: To determine the prevalence of child behavior management problems (BMP) and to analyze the influence and predictive power of nondental and dental background variables on BMP. Study Design: Prospective analytical study. Materials and Methods: The study group included 165 children aged 7-11 years who received comprehensive dental treatment, after obtaining written informed consent. Parents/guardians were interviewed using standardized questionnaire to obtain background information. Each child俟Q製 treatment was carried out and was recorded with a fixed digital video (DV) recorder. The treatments were classified into three levels of invasiveness: Noninvasive (NI), moderately invasive (MI), and highly invasive (HI). The entire DV record of each treatment was observed, and child俟Q製 dental behavior was rated independently by two precalibrated examiners using modified Venham俟Q製 behavior rating scale. Then, the background factors obtained through the questionnaire data were analyzed for its association with child俟Q製 dental behavior. Results: Statistical tests used were Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis to determine the relationship of multiple variables with dental behavior. Comparison of child俟Q製 behavior during different visits was done by Wilcoxan matched pairs test. The prevalence of BMP in children aged 7-11 years in the study sample was 0%, 4.2%, and 15.76% for NI, MI, and HI procedures, respectively. Three variables were significant predictors of behavior; order of birth that is, first born, history of hospitalization, and unpleasant past dental experience (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Direct conditioning pathway is the major factor in determining child俟Q製 behavior. Dental experiences, duration of treatment, and complexity of treatment have greater impact on how the child behaves in a dental setup.


How to cite this article:
Pai R, Mandroli P, Benni D, Pujar P. Prospective analysis of factors associated with dental behavior management problems, in children aged 7-11 years.J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2015;33:312-318


How to cite this URL:
Pai R, Mandroli P, Benni D, Pujar P. Prospective analysis of factors associated with dental behavior management problems, in children aged 7-11 years. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Apr 3 ];33:312-318
Available from: http://www.jisppd.com/article.asp?issn=0970-4388;year=2015;volume=33;issue=4;spage=312;epage=318;aulast=Pai;type=0