Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
                                                   Official journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry                           
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 113--119

Dental erosion in schoolchildren and associated factors: A cross-sectional study


Juliana Beckman Frazao, Leticia Goncalves Machado, Meire Coelho Ferreira 
 Department of Dentistry, Ceuma University, São Luís 65075120, Maranhão, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Meire Coelho Ferreira
Josué Montello, N° 1, Renascença II, São Luís, MA, 65075120
Brazil

Context: Throughout life, the teeth are exposed to different types of wear, including dental erosion, which is characterized by the loss of surface-mineralized tissue due to a chemical process without bacterial involvement and strongly influenced by eating habits. Aim: The aim of this study to evaluate the prevalence of dental erosion in schoolchildren and associated factors. Setting and Design: This is a cross-sectional study. Material and Methods: The study was conducted at a public and private school in the city of São Luís (MA), Brazil, involving a sample of 239 children aged 6–10 years. Data were collected through a questionnaire and clinical examination. Dental erosion was evaluated using the Basic Erosive Wear Examination. Statistical Analysis: Data analysis involved descriptive statistics, Pearson's Chi-square test, the linear trend Chi-square test, and Fisher's exact test, with the level of significance set to 5%. Results: The male sex accounted for 50.2% of the sample and the female sex accounted for 49.8%; 62.8% attended the public school and 37.2% attended the private school. The prevalence of dental erosion was 11.7%, with the highest prevalence among 9-year-olds (46.4%). Dental erosion was significantly associated with age (P = 0.009) and type of school (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The present findings underscore the need for strategies to prevent or arrest the erosive process through local actions involving schoolchildren, parents/caregivers, and teachers.


How to cite this article:
Frazao JB, Machado LG, Ferreira MC. Dental erosion in schoolchildren and associated factors: A cross-sectional study.J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2018;36:113-119


How to cite this URL:
Frazao JB, Machado LG, Ferreira MC. Dental erosion in schoolchildren and associated factors: A cross-sectional study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Jan 25 ];36:113-119
Available from: http://www.jisppd.com/article.asp?issn=0970-4388;year=2018;volume=36;issue=2;spage=113;epage=119;aulast=Frazao;type=0