Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
                                                   Official journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry                           
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 172--176

Effectiveness of “Audio-tactile Performance Technique” to improve the oral hygiene status of visually impaired schoolchildren


Shravani Deolia, Jefry Johny, Mayuri Sanjay Patil, Nikita R Lanje, Anuja V Patil 
 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sharad Pawar Dental College, DMIMS (Deemed to be University), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jefry Johny
Quarter No. 2125, Shobhapur Colony, P.O Pathakhera, Betul - 460 449, Madhya Pradesh
India

Background: Maintaining oral hygiene is a challenging task for the visually impaired population. Oral health is often overlooked because of lack of knowledge about oral health practices. Therefore, there was a need to train visually impaired individuals with the aid of customized techniques so that the understanding of brushing technique could be perceived at its best. Aims and Objective: Comparative evaluation to check the effectiveness of “Audio-tactile Performance Technique (ATP)” to improve oral hygiene status of visually impaired schoolchildren. Subjects and Methods: The present study was an interventional study of 92 visually impaired children in Wardha district. Their knowledge regarding oral hygiene practices was tested with a verbal questionnaire in a pre- and post-test to check the improvement in their knowledge after imparting health education. Fones method of toothbrushing was taught by “ATP,” and a health talk was delivered. The plaque scores were recorded using the Quigley–Hein Plaque Index (modified by Turesky et al.) at baseline and at the end of 3 months. Periodic reinforcement was provided twice at an interval of 20 days in between the visits. Statistical Analysis Used: The collected data were tabulated and analyzed using Student's paired t-test in Stata version 15.1, and kappa statistics were done to test inter-rater reliability and agreement was found to be 90%. Results: There was a statistically significant decrease in the postinterventional plaque scores from 2.78 to 1.63 (P < 0.05) and an increase in the posthealth education test scores from 1.98 to 8.21 (P < 0.05). A substantial decrease in the percentage of children, who had high plaque scores initially, was seen postintervention. Conclusions: The “ATP” along with oral health education served as a very effective customized method of teaching oral hygiene practices and its maintenance to the visually impaired children.


How to cite this article:
Deolia S, Johny J, Patil MS, Lanje NR, Patil AV. Effectiveness of “Audio-tactile Performance Technique” to improve the oral hygiene status of visually impaired schoolchildren.J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2019;37:172-176


How to cite this URL:
Deolia S, Johny J, Patil MS, Lanje NR, Patil AV. Effectiveness of “Audio-tactile Performance Technique” to improve the oral hygiene status of visually impaired schoolchildren. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Oct 17 ];37:172-176
Available from: http://www.jisppd.com/article.asp?issn=0970-4388;year=2019;volume=37;issue=2;spage=172;epage=176;aulast=Deolia;type=0