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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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   2007| April-June  | Volume 25 | Issue 2  
 
 
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Effect of antiasthmatic medication on dental disease: Dental caries and periodontal disease
ND Shashikiran, V.V.S Reddy, P Krishnam Raju
April-June 2007, 25(2):65-68
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.33450  PMID:17660639
The prevalence of asthma has been increasing since the 1980s. Asthma and tooth decay are the two major causes of school absenteeism. There are few studies present in the literature. The objectives of the present study were to know the severity of dental caries and periodontal problems in children before and after taking antiasthmatic medication. The present study was conducted on 105, six- to fourteen-year-old asthmatic children to determine the condition of their dental caries and their periodontal status before and after taking antiasthmatic medication, for a period of 1 year and these were matched with their controls. The results showed that salbutamol inhaler shows increased caries rate with high significance over other groups, which was followed by salbutamol tablets and beclamethasone inhaler respectively. It has been concluded that antiasthmatic medication has its effects on dental caries and periodontal disease and asthmatic patients are recommended to adopt more precautionary oral hygiene practices and keep their caries activity and periodontal health under constant check.
  20,498 1,786 20
Sedative effect of oral diazepam and chloral hydrate in the dental treatment of children
Kamila R Kantovitz, Regina M Puppin-Rontani, Maria Beatriz D Gaviao
April-June 2007, 25(2):69-75
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.33451  PMID:17660640
Purpose : The purpose was to evaluate two sedation protocols during dental sessions in anxious children. Materials and Methods : It was a randomized and double-blind study, with each individual being his/her own control within each protocol. Furthermore, the two protocols were compared. Twenty children (36 to 84 months old) who exhibited "definitely negative" behavior according to the Frankl scale were assigned to receive oral chloral hydrate (40 mg/kg) (Group I) or Diazepamβ (5 mg) (Group II). Behavior during local anesthesia, application of rubber dam, cavity preparation, restorative procedures was evaluated, considering the degree of sleep, body movement, crying and overall behavior. Vital signs were assessed at three different times. The Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney, Exact Fisher's and Spearman correlation tests were used to analyze the data. Results : Group I presented higher scores for sleep during the CH session than placebo session during rubber dam application ( P = 0.0431) and restoration ( P = 0.0431). In Group II there was no statistically significant difference ( p > 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences between sessions and groups in the evaluation of body movement, crying and vital signs. Overall behavior in the placebo session was better than in the CH session during local anesthesia, but there was no difference between the two drug regimens. There was influence of age during anesthesia and cavity preparation in Group I and during rubber dam application in Group II. It was concluded that oral diazepam and chloral hydrate had no influence on the behavior management for dental treatment with the studied sample.
  15,188 1,166 5
CASE REPORT
Unicystic ameloblastoma of the maxilla: A case report
VJ Paikkatt, S Sreedharan, VP Kannan
April-June 2007, 25(2):106-110
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.33459  PMID:17660648
Unicystic ameloblastoma is believed to be less aggressive and responds more favorably to conservative surgery than the solid or multicystic ameloblastomas. This report is a rare case of unicystic ameloblastoma of the maxilla that was treated by enucleation under suspicion of a radicular cyst related to a dens in dente. The neoplastic nature of the lesion became evident only when the enucleated material was available for histologic examination. With this report, the authors illustrate the importance and complexity of a differential diagnosis of lesions with a cystic aspect in the anterior region of the maxilla, among them - inflammatory radicular cysts, odontogenic keratocysts, adenomatoid odontogenic and unicystic ameloblastoma. Relevant diagnostic problems and choice of treatment of unicystic ameloblastoma are presented along with a review of the literature.
  12,004 1,258 8
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparative evaluation for microleakage between Fuji-VII glass ionomer cement and light-cured unfilled resin: A combined in vivo in vitro study
R Ashwin, R Arathi
April-June 2007, 25(2):86-87
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.33454  PMID:17660643
Glass ionomer cement, besides being used as restorative material, can also be used as pit and fissure sealant. The use of glass ionomer cement as pit and fissure sealant has added benefit by its fluoride-releasing property that results in increased resistance of the fissures to demineralize. The capacity of a sealant to prevent microleakage into the fissure is important, since microleakage may initiate and support a carious lesion beneath the sealant. The study was carried out to compare marginal microleakage between Fuji-VII glass ionomer cement (G C Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) and the conventional light-cured unfilled resin as pit and fissure sealants (3M Concise, 3M Dental Products, St. Paul, USA). The dye used was 2% methylene blue (Qualigens Fine Chemicals, Mumbai, India). The teeth were sectioned and studied under the stereomicroscope. The result revealed that there was no difference in microleakage ( P > 0.05) between the two materials.
  11,504 1,184 13
Do autistic children have higher levels of caries? A cross-sectional study in Turkish children
Necmi Namal, Hayriye Ertem Vehit, Selcuk Koksal
April-June 2007, 25(2):97-102
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.33457  PMID:17660646
The aim of this study is to assess whether the dental caries experience is higher in children with an autistic disorder (AD) than in normal children. Three schools for autistic children and three standard elementary schools in Istanbul, Turkey, were included in a cross-sectional study. Subjects were orally examined. Socio-demographic information and data about their oral care habits were obtained from their parents from records. Sixty-two children with AD and 301 children without AD were examined. Their ages varied between 6 and 12 years. Children with AD compared to those without AD had lower experience of caries. Logistic regression analysis of DMFT showed that the dental status was positively affected in younger children (OR = 15.57; 95% CI 7.62, 31.80), children from families with high income (OR = 5.42; 95% CI 2.31, 12.75), children brushing teeth regularly (OR = 2.01, 95% CI 1.10, 3.68), children consuming less sugar (OR = 5.01; 95% CI 2.57, 9.76) and in those with AD (OR=3.99; 95% CI 1.56, 10.19). Children with AD had better caries status than children without AD at younger ages.
  11,393 1,061 14
Prevalence of gingival diseases, malocclusion and fluorosis in school-going children of rural areas in Udaipur district
V Dhar, A Jain, TE Van Dyke, A Kohli
April-June 2007, 25(2):103-105
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.33458  PMID:17660647
High prevalence of dental diseases has been recorded in Rajasthan, however, not much work has been done to ascertain the prevalence of dental diseases in Udaipur district. This study was conducted among 1,587 government school children of Udaipur district in the age group of 5-14 years for recording the prevalence of gingival diseases, fluorosis and malocclusion. Gingivitis was found in 84.37% of children, malocclusion in 36.42% and fluorosis in 36.36%.
  10,933 1,034 18
Comparative evaluation of shear bond strength of conventional composite resin and nanocomposite resin to sandblasted primary anterior stainless steel crown
A Khatri, B Nandlal, Srilatha
April-June 2007, 25(2):82-85
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.33453  PMID:17660642
To evaluate and compare the shear bond strength of conventional composite resin and nanocomposite resin to sandblasted primary anterior stainless steel crown. The study samples consisted of 30 primary anterior stainless steel crowns (Unitek TM , size R4), embedded in resin blocks with crown, in test groups of 15 samples each. Mounting of the crown was done using resin block with one crown each. Sandblasting was done and the bonding agent Prime and Bond NT (Dentsply) was applied on the labial surface of the primary anterior sandblasted crown. The composite resin and nanocomposite resin were placed into the well of Teflon jig and bonded to Stainless Steel Crowns. The cured samples were placed in distilled water and stored in incubator at 37C for 48 hours. Shear bond strength was measured using universal testing machine (Hounsefield U.K. Model, with a capacity of 50 KN). Independent sample 't' test revealed a nonsignificant ( P < 0.385) difference between mean shear bond strength values of conventional and nanocomposite group. The bond strength values revealed that nanocomposite had slightly higher mean shear bond strength (21.04 0.56) compared to conventional composite (20.78 0.60). It was found that conventional composite resin and nanocomposite resin had statistically similar mean shear bond strength, with nanocomposite having little more strength compared to conventional composite.
  10,718 877 3
A comparative study of the efficacy of four different bristle designs of tooth brushes in plaque removal
N Sripriya, KH Shaik Hyder Ali
April-June 2007, 25(2):76-81
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.33452  PMID:17660641
Background : The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of four most commonly used bristle designs of toothbrushes in plaque removal. Materials and Methods : The study was a randomized 4 cell, examiner blind cross-over design assessing the plaque removal efficacy of all four brushes on a single occasion. Sixteen subjects aged 14-15 years participated in the study. On day 1 of each test period, the subjects were rendered plaque free and were asked to suspend oral hygiene practices for 24 hours. On day 2, the subjects were scored for plaque prior to brushing using the Turesky-Gilmore modification of Quigley-Hein plaque index. The subjects then brushed with the allocated toothbrush for 2 minutes and the post-brushing plaque scores were assessed. A wash-out period of 4 days was allowed between the test periods. Results : All the brushes showed a significant reduction in the post-brushing plaque scores ( p < 0.001). The mean reduction in the plaque scores for all the brushes was around 53%. The percentage plaque reduction was greater in the anterior surface than the posterior surface (59.6 7.45% vs. 49.83 4.35%). The percentage plaque reductions in the upper, lower, buccal and lingual surfaces were similar. No significant difference in the reduction of plaque scores between the four brushes was seen. Conclusion : The data derived from the study supports the contention of many researchers that there is no single superior design of manual toothbrush. Though minor and some site differences in favor of the brushes were seen, they were not statistically significant.
  10,196 875 3
Various methods of caries removal in children: A comparative clinical study
IK Pandit, N Srivastava, N Gugnani, M Gupta, L Verma
April-June 2007, 25(2):93-96
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.33456  PMID:17660645
An in vivo study comparing the different methods of caries removal was done in children of age group 6-9 years. Among these patients a total number of 150 carious deciduous teeth were selected. Caries removal was done by hand instruments, airotor and carisolv. The efficacy, time taken and pain experienced by the patient during caries removal was evaluated. The results showed that airotor was the most efficient method (mean value 0.38), while carisolv was the least painful (mean value 0.080) and the most time consuming method (534.8 seconds).
  9,583 1,375 7
A comparison of impact strength of fragment-bonded anterior teeth using three different restorative materials: An in vitro study
AR Prabhakar, AJ Kurthukoti, G Kayalvizhi
April-June 2007, 25(2):88-92
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.33455  PMID:17660644
Background and Objective : The purpose of this investigation was to estimate the impact strength of fractured anterior teeth reattached using three different restorative materials and compare their impact strengths to those of control. Materials and Methods : Sixty human maxillary permanent central incisors were selected and divided into control and experimental groups. The teeth in the experimental groups were fractured and then bonded using Composite resin, Compomer and resin-modified GIC. Intact teeth served as control. All the specimens were then tested in an impact testing machine. Results : The results revealed statistically significant differences between Compomer and resin-modified GIC groups, control and experimental groups. No statistically significant differences were observed between Composite resin and Compomer groups. Conclusion : Thus the fractured fragments bonded with Composite resin and Compomer provided better adhesion than resin-modified GIC.
  6,486 608 6
EDITORIAL
HIV - Interpreted, intervened, interrupted . . .?
SG Damle
April-June 2007, 25(2):64-64
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.33449  PMID:17660638
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  2005 - Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 
Online since 1st May '05