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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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   2007| July-September  | Volume 25 | Issue 3  
 
 
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CASE REPORTS
Dental considerations in the management of children suffering from sickle cell disease: A case report
Y Ramakrishna
July-September 2007, 25(3):140-143
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.36566  PMID:17951932
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a genetically derived disorder characterized by the presence of an abnormal hemoglobin molecule, designated as hemoglobin S (HbS). It is one of the most common genetic disorder worldwide, with an estimated 70 million people carrying the sickle gene. This article describes the dental considerations in managing a 6-year-old child suffering from SCD (SS type).
  25,969 1,041 9
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
The effect of anterior inclined plane treatment on the dentoskeletal of Class II division 1 patients
Meibodi Shahin Emami, Abdolreza Jamilian, Abdolrahman Showkatbakhsh
July-September 2007, 25(3):130-132
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.36563  PMID:17951929
Most of Class II malocclusions are due to underdeveloped mandible with increased overjet and overbite. Lack of incisal contact results in the extrusion of the upper and lower anterior dentoalveolar complex, which helps to lock the mandible and prevent its normal growth and development, and this abnormality is exaggerated by soft tissue imbalance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the skeletal and dental changes in patients treated with anterior inclined plane appliance in growing patients with moderate Class II Division 1 having deep overbite. In this study, 25 patients, including 15 girls and 10 boys, with a mean age of 9 1.2 years were selected; all of them presented with moderate Class II deep bite with increased overjet and normal or horizontal growth pattern. Pre- and post-treatment X-rays and photos for an average of 8 months were taken. The statistical assessment of the data suggested that there were no significant changes in the vertical skeletal parameters. The mandibular incisors were protruded, whereas the maxillary incisors were retruded. Overbite and overjet were also reduced. There was significant increase in the mandibular length. The results revealed that in mixed dentition patients, the inclined plane corrected Class II discrepancies mostly through dentoskeletal changes.
  17,488 1,099 2
Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in the school-going children of rural areas in Udaipur district
V Dhar, A Jain, TE Van Dyke, A Kohli
July-September 2007, 25(3):119-121
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.36560  PMID:17951926
Dental caries is among the most common dental problems affecting humans. This condition is a major health problem with high prevalence, globally involving the people of all regions and society. This study was conducted on 1587 government school children of Udaipur district in the age group of 5-14 years for recording the prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs. Dental caries was found in 46.75% children, and 76.87% children required some kind of dental treatment.
  11,389 1,132 11
Epidemiology of dental caries in Chandigarh school children and trends over the last 25 years
A Goyal, K Gauba, HS Chawla, M Kaur, A Kapur
July-September 2007, 25(3):115-118
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.36559  PMID:17951925
The prevalence of dental caries in 6, 9, 12 and 15-year-old school children of Chandigarh, selected on a randomized basis was evaluated using Moller's criteria (1966) and correlated with the various risk factors. The mean deft was found to be 4.0 3.6 in 6 year old and 4.61 3.14 in 9 year old, whereas the mean DMFT in 12 and 15 year old was found to be 3.03 2.52 and 3.82 2.85 respectively. The high prevalence of dental caries in these children was attributed to the lack of use of fluoride toothpaste (80% children), lack of knowledge about etiology of dental caries (98%) and frequency of sugar exposures up to more than five times per day (30%).
  10,631 1,305 6
CASE REPORTS
Jaw cyst-Basal cell nevus-Bifid rib syndrome: A case report
S Rai, K Gauba
July-September 2007, 25(3):137-139
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.36565  PMID:17951931
Jaw cyst-Basal cell nevus-Bifid rib syndrome or Gorlin-Goltz syndrome involves multiple organ system. The most common findings include multiple odontogenic keratocysts in the jaws and basal cell nevus on the skin that have an early age onset. These multiple odontogenic keratocysts warrant aggressive treatment at the earliest because of the damage and possible complications associated with them. Recurrence in these lesions is the most characteristic feature that has to be taken in consideration while explaining the prognosis to the patient. A case report of a child affected with Gorlin-Goltz syndrome diagnosed, treated and followed at this hospital is presented here.
  10,735 624 10
Noonan syndrome: A case report
S Asokan, MS Muthu, V Rathna Prabhu
July-September 2007, 25(3):144-147
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.36567  PMID:17951933
Noonan syndrome is a developmental disorder characterized by facial dysmorphia, short stature, cardiac defects and skeletal malformations. It may be sporadic or inherited as an autosomal dominant or recessive trait and occurs, one in 1000-2500 children. This is a case report of a 13 year-old girl who was referred by a general dental practitioner to a pediatric dentist for management. Full mouth dental rehabilitation was done and the child was brought to a dental institution for correction of orofacial and occlusal defects. Multidisciplinary treatment is the key to success in managing children with Noonan syndrome and the pediatric dentists play an important position to lead the health team.
  10,241 798 6
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Comparison of antibacterial properties of two fluoride-releasing and a nonfluoride-releasing pit and fissure sealants
V Menon Preetha, ND Shashikiran, V.V.S Reddy
July-September 2007, 25(3):133-136
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.36564  PMID:17951930
Occlusal pits and fissures are the most susceptible sites for the development of dental caries and prevention is difficult in the areas of occurrence. Although only 12.5% of all the tooth surfaces are occlusal, these surfaces develop more than two-thirds of total caries experienced by children. The fate of the bacteria is of significance when they are inadvertently sealed by a dental sealant. This study aimed in examining the antibacterial properties of three commercially available sealants, viz., Teethmate-F, Helioseal-F and Helioseal. Antibacterial testing was done by disc diffusion method. Selective agars were used to grow Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus, which are implicated in the pathogenesis of dental caries. Statistical analysis was carried out using student's t test. The study proved that Helioseal-F and Helioseal did not possess antibacterial properties and Teethmate-F was the only sealant that showed antibacterial properties.
  8,361 1,039 5
A comparative study of two mouthrinses on plaque and gingivitis in school children in the age group of 13-16 years in Bangalore city
K Jayaprakash, KL Veeresha, SS Hiremath
July-September 2007, 25(3):126-129
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.36562  PMID:17951928
Research and clinical evidence indicate that most forms of plaque associated periodontal disease start as inflammatory lesions of the gingiva which if left untreated, may progress and eventually involve and compromise the entire periodontal attachment apparatus of the affected teeth. A study was conducted to assess the effect of a mouthrinse containing chlorhexidine and sodium fluoride on plaque accumulation and gingivitis in comparison with a chlorhexidine mouthrinse alone in a group of school children aged 13-16 years in Bangalore city. This combination alongwith the well established effect of fluoride in the prevention of caries presents an important contribution to dental public health. The results suggest that the chlorhexidine-sodium fluoride mouthrinse potentially possesses a significant effect on inhibition of plaque accumulation and gingivitis. This combination along with the well-established effect of fluoride in the prevention of caries, presents an important contribution to dental public health.
  7,982 1,022 3
Study of changes in phosphate, calcium and fluoride ions in plaque and saliva after the administration of a fluoride mouth rinse
HR Poureslami, M Torkzadeh, MR Sefadini
July-September 2007, 25(3):122-125
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.36561  PMID:17951927
In this study, the effects of 0.2% sodium fluoride mouthwash solution on calcium, phosphate and fluoride ion contents of saliva and microbial plaque was assessed. Fourteen volunteer students (7-12 years of age) of a boarding educational centre in Kerman City (Iran) were selected and under defined conditions, their saliva and plaque samples were collected. The concentrations of fluoride, calcium and phosphate ions of the samples were determined, and after 14 days, under the same conditions, the students were asked to rinse their mouth with 0.2% sodium fluoride mouthwash solution. The second set of saliva and plaque samples were collected and the concentrations of the ions were determined. Data was analyzed using paired t-test and the results were presented as tables. P <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. After using 0.2% sodium fluoride mouthwash solution, a significant increase was observed in the F 2 ion concentration both plaque ( P < 0.000) and saliva ( P <0.000) of all the studied subjects, while the concentration of phosphate decreased in both saliva and plaque; however, this decrease was significant only in plaque ( P <0.01). The calcium ion concentration decreased in both plaque and saliva; however, in none of them, the decrease was significant ( P >0.09 and P >0.2, respectively).
  7,211 756 4
CASE REPORTS
Melanotic neuroectodermal tumour of infancy: A case report
N Retna Kumari, S Sreedharan, D Balachandran
July-September 2007, 25(3):148-151
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.36568  PMID:17951934
A case of melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy occurring in the maxilla in a 13 day old neonate is described. Computed tomography and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis and a submucosal excision was carried out when the infant was 30 days old. But three weeks later the patient reported back with a recurrence and a wide surgical excision was performed. The recurrence may have been caused by incomplete removal of the tumor cells and the initial surgical procedure may have stimulated tumour cell proliferation. Fortunately, 6 month follow up of the patient showed no recurrence.
  5,398 376 5
EDITORIAL
Children rob modern mother's sleep...
SG Damle
July-September 2007, 25(3):114-114
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.36558  PMID:17951924
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  2005 - Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 
Online since 1st May '05