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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 4

Syndromes... The Clinician's Nightmare?

Editor-in-Chief, JISPPD, Nair Hospital Dental College, Dr. A. L. Nair Road, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
S G Damle
Editor-in-Chief, JISPPD, Nair Hospital Dental College, Dr. A. L. Nair Road, Mumbai
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 17921641

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How to cite this article:
Damle S G. Syndromes... The Clinician's Nightmare?. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2007;25, Suppl S1:4

How to cite this URL:
Damle S G. Syndromes... The Clinician's Nightmare?. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent [serial online] 2007 [cited 2021 Mar 3];25, Suppl S1:4. Available from: https://www.jisppd.com/text.asp?2007/25/5/4/34736

The world is full of surprising mysteries if we are fortunate enough to identify them, but they may also be perilous if we dare to ignore! The presentation of medically compromised and syndromic children in the dental office is a challenge to the dental surgeon. Syndromes have been defined as "a group of symptoms that collectively indicate or characterize a disease, psychological disorder, or other abnormal condition". The word syndrome roots its origin in the ancient Greek literature and means to 'run together' . There are more than 3685 syndromes reported so far. The medical and dental literature abounds with complex presentations of clinical dilemmas. Still, when we come across a child having a disability, we find ourselves searching for more information; such is the intricacy of these conditions.

Various medical conditions are identified only among children and at times these conditions demand special attention from the health team. These children often report with anomalies involving various organs like cardiac ailments, respiratory, musculo-skeletal disorders etc. Many syndromes also have a genetic basis. Genetic counseling of the parents of such children is essential for prevention along with the management of the oral and systemic problems.

The photograph of the child presented, is an example of the gravity and impact of syndromes on the life of a child and the family. Dr. Anil Kohli and Dr. Bhagwant Singh saw this child having facial cleft, ocular and cranial deformities, when we visited Indonesia for the Asia Pacific Dental Conference in April 2007. As pediatric dental surgeons, our mission should be to support family-centered, community-based strategies for improving the quality of life for children with special health care needs and their families. A dental surgeon should be well informed about such oral manifestations as he may be the first health professional to assist in the diagnosis of syndromes and can ensure a timely referral to the concerned medical practitioner for management. Hence, the role of a pediatric dental surgeon with his expertise in prevention, skills of behaviour management and the understanding of parental influence is paramount in the management of children with syndromes.

In the 25 th Jubilee year of the journal, this special issue has been published to showcase the excellent clinical work being carried out by the members of the society. This issue encompasses a few interesting medical conditions that require special clinical considerations for their management. It also includes the management of traumatic injuries that are common in the pediatric age group and other articles that will help to improve our clinical acumen.


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  2005 - Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 
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