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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-32

Effect of commonly consumed sugar containing and sugar free fruit drinks on the hydrogen ion modulation of human dental plaque


1 MDS, Registrar, Department of Pedodontics Indira Gandhi Government Dental College, Jammu, India
2 MDS, Senior Lecturer, Institute of Dental Sciences, Jammu, India
3 MDS, Principal and HOD, Department of Pedodontics, ITS Dental College, Ghaziabad, India
4 MDS, Lecturer, Himachal Dental College, Sundernagar, Jammu, India
5 MDS, Professor and HOD, Department of Pedodontics Indira Gandhi Government Dental College, Jammu, India
6 MDS, Himachal Dental College, Sundernagar, Jammu, India

Correspondence Address:
Nanika Mahajan
Registrar, Department of Pedodontics, Indira Gandhi Government Dental College, Jammu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.127049

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Background: With the increased awareness of healthy diet among the population, the intake of fruit juices as health drinks has been increased. This study has been designed to check the potential cariogenicity of fruit drinks frequently consumed by infants and young children. Aim: To compare the acidogenic potential of sugar free fruit juices with fruit juices containing sugar by evaluating the plaque pH changes, following consumption of the above drinks. Design: The study was carried out on 10 children in the age group of 8-15 years. The four fruit juices used were 1) orange juice with added sugar 2) orange juice with no added sugar 3) apple juice with added sugar 4) apple juice with no added sugar. Sucrose rinse of 10% was used as control group. The endogenous pH of the fruit juices and control was assessed using digital pH meter. The plaque pH was assessed at the baseline and after the consumption of the drinks at 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 60 minutes time interval using the plaque-harvesting technique. The obtained results were compiled and subjected to statistical analysis using paired t-test. Result: All the fruit juices showed drop in plaque pH. A drop in pH was also observed in the juices despite of no added sugar content. Conclusion: The fruit juices labeled with "no added sugar" or "free from added sugar", contained substantial quantities of sugar and are equally cariogenic as are fruit drinks with added sugar.






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  2005 - Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 
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