Home | About Us | Editorial Board | Current Issue | Archives | Search | Instructions | Subscription | Feedback | e-Alerts | Login 
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
 Users Online: 1192  
 
  Print this page Email this page   Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-47

Relationship between severe-early childhood caries, salivary mutans streptococci, and lactobacilli in preschool children of low socioeconomic status in Bengaluru city


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dr. Syamala Reddy Dental College, Bhopal, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Oxford Dental College, Bhopal, India
3 Department of Periodontics, Rishiraj Dental College, Bhopal, India
4 Department of Microbiology, Bangalore Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Priyadarshini Hesaraghatta Ramamurthy
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dr. Syamala Reddy Dental College, #1288, 4th Cross, Lalithadri Road, Kuvempunagar, Mysore - 570 023, Karnataka
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.127054

Rights and Permissions

Aim: To find out the relationship between severe-early childhood caries (s-ECC) and salivary counts of mutans streptococci (MS) and lactobacillus (LB) in preschool children of low socioeconomic status. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed among 50 children aged 2-5 years selected from five Anganwadi centers in Bengaluru city. Clinical examination was carried out and caries status was recorded using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Twenty-five children diagnosed with s-ECC based on American Association of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) criteria and 25 caries-free counterparts were selected. Whole non-stimulated saliva was collected from all children and cultured for MS and LB. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 14. Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney test, and Spearman's correlation were used to find out significant relationships. P values <0.05 were considered as statistically significant. Results: Twenty-one out of 25 children with s-ECC were positive for MS and 22 children were positive for LB. A significant difference in the mean number of MS colonies (12.2 vs. 4.16) and LB colonies (8.4 vs. 3.8) among children with s-ECC and caries-free counterparts (P < 0.01) was also found. A significant positive correlation was also found between caries experience and salivary MS and LB counts. Conclusion: s-ECC is positively correlated with salivary levels of both MS and LB in preschool children of low socioeconomic status. Suitable preventive strategies need to be planned when children are still young.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


        
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed3824    
    Printed103    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded471    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal

 


Contact us | Sitemap | Advertise | What's New | Copyright and Disclaimer 
  2005 - Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 
Online since 1st May '05