Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
                                                   Official journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry                           
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 301--307

The effect of fiber-reinforced composite versus band and loop space maintainers on oral Lactobacillus acidophilus and Streptococcus mutans levels in saliva


Mohamed Abd-Ellatif El-Patal1, Moshabab A Asiry2, Ibrahim AlShahrani3, Samy Youssef El Bayoumy4, Mohammed Abo-Elkasem Ahmed Wakwak5, Mona Abdelghafar Mohamed Khalil6 
1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia; Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Pedodontics and Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Boys Section, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
5 Department of Pedodontics and Dental Public Health (Assuit Branch), Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
6 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohamed Abd-Ellatif El-Patal
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj

Background: Orthodontic bands have been shown to alter oral microbial flora that lead to convert caries-free patients to moderate or high caries risk individuals. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of conventional band and loop space maintainers versus fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) resin space maintainer on the salivary cariogenic microflora (Lactobacillus and Streptococcus mutans) in children over a period of 6 months. Materials and Methods: The study sample was divided equally into two groups: Group A: 25 patients received FRC (INFIBRA®: Reinforcing ribbon, Bioloren, Italy) space maintainer and Group B: 25 patients received band and loop space maintainers. The saliva samples were collected from the patients before the insertion of the space maintainer and at 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months postinsertion. Results and Conclusion: The Lactobacillus acidophilus isolated was 1.7 colony-forming unit (CFU) (×106) and 1.8 CFU (×106) in Group A and Group B, respectively, prior to the insertion of space maintainers. There was no significant increase in L. acidophilus over the follow-up of 6 months in both the groups (P > 0.05). However, the Streptococcus mutans isolated before insertion in both Group A and Group B was 2.6 CFU (×106), which over a period of 6 months showed significant increase to 3.13 CFU (×106) in Group B (P < 0.05) and no increase was seen in Group A. S. mutans level increased considerably in patients with band and loop space maintainer over the follow-up of 6 months. No significant increase in the L. acidophilus count was observed over the same period in both the groups.


How to cite this article:
El-Patal MA, Asiry MA, AlShahrani I, El Bayoumy SY, Ahmed Wakwak MA, Mohamed Khalil MA. The effect of fiber-reinforced composite versus band and loop space maintainers on oral Lactobacillus acidophilus and Streptococcus mutans levels in saliva.J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2018;36:301-307


How to cite this URL:
El-Patal MA, Asiry MA, AlShahrani I, El Bayoumy SY, Ahmed Wakwak MA, Mohamed Khalil MA. The effect of fiber-reinforced composite versus band and loop space maintainers on oral Lactobacillus acidophilus and Streptococcus mutans levels in saliva. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent [serial online] 2018 [cited 2021 Sep 24 ];36:301-307
Available from: https://www.jisppd.com/article.asp?issn=0970-4388;year=2018;volume=36;issue=3;spage=301;epage=307;aulast=El-Patal;type=0