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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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   1999| March  | Volume 17 | Issue 1  
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Prevalence of dental caries and co-relation with fluorosis in low and high fluoride areas.
A Menon, KR Indushekar
March 1999, 17(1):15-20
The aim of the study was to determine the degree of caries prevalence in the permanent dentition and the accompanying fluorosis in children between 6-16 years of age in both low (0.5 ppm) and relatively high (1.2 ppm) fluoride areas. In 3605 children in a low fluoride area (Dharwad), the mean DMFT was 0.65; 77% of the children were caries free. Grade I fluorosis (using Dean's fluorosis inded) was observed in only 0.66% of the children. Among 3618 children of similar age groups, living in high fluoride areas (Gadag), 84% were caries free and the mean DMFT value was 0.39. Varying degrees of fluorosis were present in 57.07% of the children. The results of the study suggest a definite relationship between the amounts of fluoride ingested through water and caries experience observed in the population.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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Changes in the arch length following premature loss of deciduous molars.
AK Rao, S Sarkar
March 1999, 17(1):29-32
When the normal physiological process of deciduous tooth exfoliation and eruption of its successor is disrupted, a series of changes are observed in the dental arches. The aim of the study was to evaluate the amount of changes in arch length after the premature loss of deciduous molars. The sample consisted of 82 children, 53 without premature loss and 29 with premature loss of either deciduous first or second molar or both, unilaterally. A reduction in arch length was observed both in the maxilla and mandible at the molar region and an increase in arch length at the canine region in the mandible. Reduction in arch length was due to mesial migration of the molar and the increase in arch length was due to the distal migration of canine. It was seen that arch length reduction was more in maxilla as compared to the mandible and that distal drifting of canine was observed only in the mandible.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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A study of dental caries in school children from rural Haryana.
AA Singh, B Singh, OP Kharbanda, DK Shukla, K Goswami, S Gupta
March 1999, 17(1):24-8
The prevalence of dental caries among rural school children (688 boys and 331 girls) in the age group of 12-16 years in Haryana was found to be 39.4%. It was 37.9% in boys and 42.6% in girls. The difference between males and females was statistically not significant. A significant increase in prevalence of dental caries with age was observed (i.e. 33.1% in 12-year-old children to 45.8% in 14-year-old children). The mean DMFT per child was found to be 1.03 and DMFT per affected child was 2.6. The mean of D, M and F was found to be 1.0, 0.03 and 0.0 respectively.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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Talon cusp associated with other dental anomalies--a case report.
GK Lehl
March 1999, 17(1):13-4
Talon cusp is an anomalous structure resembling an eagles talon which projects lingually from the cingulum area of an incisor. It is a rare anomaly which is commonly seen in maxillary incisors. This paper is a report of a case of Talon cusp associated with cross-bite and partial anodontia.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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Leopard syndrome--report of a variant case.
A Munshi, AK Munshi
March 1999, 17(1):5-8
This case report presents a patient with Leopard syndrome, with multiple lentigines all over the body and face, ocular hypertelorism, delayed secondary sexual characteristics, mild cardiac abnormalities and supernumerary teeth. Clinical relevance of this syndrome lies in its early recognition and precautions to be taken during any invasive dental procedure, which if not performed under antibiotic prophylaxis and premedication, could lead to infective endocarditis. Additionally, a multidisciplinary approach with pediatric and medical consultants is mandatory during the management of such cases.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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Assessment and treatment of dental caries in semi-urban school children of Tamilnadu (India).
VK Gopinath, VK Barathi, A Kannan
March 1999, 17(1):9-12
The study was carried out with the purpose of evaluating the prevalence of dental caries, in semi urban school children. The sample comprised of 415 school going children. DMFT/dmft scores were recorded as per WHO 1987 criteria. Mean DMFT was found to be 0.17, 0.06 in male and female children at 3 to 6 age group which increased to 1.21 & 1.10 in males and female in 9 to 12 year age group. Mean dmft at 3 to 6 years was 1.36, 1.17 in male and female children which further increased at 6 to 9 years in both sexes but in the 9 to 12 year age group the value decreased to 1.48, 0.87 in male and female children respectively. The entire sample showed a dental caries prevalence of 58.1. It was noted that the children brushed once a day with toothpaste and toothbrush. Complete oral rehabilitation was undertaken through an incremental school health care programme.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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Effects of variation in timing of palatal repair on articulation skills in complete cleft lip and palate cases--a retrospective study.
B Nandlal, A Tewari, A Utreja, M Raghunathan
March 1999, 17(1):1-4
The effects of variation in the timing of palatal repair on articulation skills in complete cleft lip and palate was evaluated from fifty subjects. The present study confirmed that development of articulation was similar in the groups operated upon before 24 months and between 24 to 36 months. The insignificant difference suggests that articulation was good irrespective of the early or medium timing of palatal repair.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
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Multiple supernumerary teeth in the mixed dentition.
UM Nadkarni, MS Muthu, SG Damle, SG Sujan, A Kakade
March 1999, 17(1):21-3
Supernumerary or extra teeth result from disturbances during the initiation and proliferation stages of dental development. Teeth formed in excess of the normal number are termed supernumerary teeth. A supernumerary tooth may closely resemble the teeth of the group to which it belongs i.e. molars, premolars or anterior teeth or it may bear little resemblance in size or shape to the teeth with which it is associated. Discussed here are reports of three cases with multiple supernumerary teeth in the mixed dentition and its management.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
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