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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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   2008| December  | Volume 26 | Issue 7  
    Online since January 1, 2009

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Glass fiber–reinforced composite resin as a space maintainer: A clinical study
P Subramaniam, GKL Babu, R Sunny
December 2008, 26(7):98-103
The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of glass fiber–reinforced composite resin (GFRCR) as a space maintainer and to compare it with a conventional band-and-loop space maintainer. A total of 30 children (23 boys and 7 girls) aged 6–8 years were selected for the study. Each of these children required maintenance of space due to premature loss of primary first molars in at least two quadrants. In one quadrant, a GFRCR space maintainer was applied and in the other quadrant a band-and-loop space maintainer was cemented. Patients were recalled at regular intervals over 12 months and retention of both the types of space maintainers was evaluated. The retention of the GFRCR space maintainer was found to be superior to that of the band-and-loop space maintainer, but this difference was not statistically significant.
  14,108 2,366 3
Distribution of malocclusion types among thumb suckers seeking orthodontic treatment
SP Singh, A Utreja, HS Chawla
December 2008, 26(7):114-117
The present study was conducted to evaluate the influence of thumb sucking and its duration on the type of malocclusion. A total of 410 North Indian individuals between ages 12-30 years, 161 males and 249 females were examined. A specially designed proforma was used to record the detailed history of the individual. Among the etiological factors it was found that history of thumb sucking was present in 13.9% and significantly related to Class II div 1 malocclusion. When thumb sucking exceeded 18 months, it was found statistically significant (P < 0.1) in Class II skeletal malocclusion, in open bite (P < 0.1) and in extreme overjet (P < 0.5). Conclusion: If thumb sucking is not treated early, it can cause skeletal Class II malocclusion, anterior open bite and excessive overjet.
  11,679 1,258 9
Esthetic and endosurgical management of turner's hypoplasia; a sequlae of trauma to developing tooth germ
BA Bhushan, S Garg, D Sharma, M Jain
December 2008, 26(7):121-124
Turner's hypoplasia usually manifests as a portion of missing or diminished enamel, generally affecting one or more permanent teeth in the oral cavity. A case report of 8 year old girl who met with trauma at 2 years of age leading to primary incisors being knocked out, reported after 6 years with complaint of pain and discharge in her anterior malformed teeth is discussed in this article. The permanent incisors erupted with dilacerated crown, root malformations and missing enamel. Further, patient developed sinus, lateral root pathology, tooth mobility and malocclusion in relation to affected teeth which were managed by esthetic, functional, endodontic and surgical procedure. Root canal treatment along with palatal contouring and esthetic restoration by light cure composite was performed on the tooth with crown dilaceration and sinus, where as surgical management was considered for the tooth with root malformation.
  7,095 730 -
Osteomyelitis in infantile osteopetrosis: A case report with review of literature
RK Roopashri, R Gopakumar, BG Subhas
December 2008, 26(7):125-128
Osteopetrosis is a rare genetic disorder that causes generalized sclerosis of bone due to a defect in bone resorption and remodeling. Dental abnormality may be attributed to pathological changes in bone remodeling. Osteomyelitis is well documented as a complication of osteopetrosis. This disease can be severe and difficult to treat in the osteopetrotic patient. This is a case of 10-year-old girl previously diagnosed as suffering from osteopetrosis and presenting with the complaint of swelling of jaw with extra-oral draining sinus.
  5,466 637 6
Study of the relationship of psychosocial disorders to bruxism in adolescents
E Katayoun, F Sima, V Naser, D Anahita
December 2008, 26(7):91-97
Background and Aim: Bruxism has been defined as a diurnal or nocturnal parafunctional habit. Etiology of bruxism has remained controversial and some investigators believe that psychological factors may play a major role in promoting and perpetuating this habit. The aim of this case-control study was to assess the existence of an association between bruxism and psychosocial disorders in adolescents., Participants were chosen among 114, 12-14 year old students (girls). They were divided into two groups, bruxers and nonbruxers, on the basis of both validated clinical criteria and interview with each patient. A few participants were excluded on the basis of presence of systemic disorders, TMJ disorders, other oral habits, primary teeth, defective restorations and premature contacts. Following matching of two groups in regard to parent's age and education, mother's marital status, child support status, mother's employment status, and socio-economical status, 25 cases and 25 controls were enlisted. A self report validated questionnaire (YSR, 11-18 yr) was then filled out by both groups for the evaluation of 12 psychosocial symptoms. Results: Remarkable differences in certain psychosocial aspects were found between the two groups. Prevalence of psychosocial disorders including Thought Disorders (P < 0.005), Conduct Disorders (P < 0.05), Antisocial Disorders (P < 0.06) as identified by YSR was significantly higher in bruxers. Significant differences between the two groups also emerged in total YSR scores (P < 0.005). The results of Odds Ratio revealed that a bruxer adolescent has 16 times greater probability for psychosocial disorders than a non-bruxer one. Fischer exact test and T-test were used and Odds Ratio and Confidence Interval was estimated. Conclusion: Support to the existence of an association between bruxism and psychosocial disorders has been provided.
  5,387 535 6
Effect of glutaraldehyde and ferric sulfate on shear bond strength of adhesives to primary dentin
AR Prabhakar, S Bedi
December 2008, 26(7):109-113
Aim: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of alternative pulpotomy agents such as glutaraldehyde and ferric sulfate on the shear bond strength of self-etch adhesive systems to dentin of primary teeth. Materials and Methods: Eighty human primary molar teeth were sectioned in a mesiodistal direction and divided into experimental and control groups. Lingual dentin specimens in experimental groups were treated with glutaraldehyde and ferric sulfate. Buccal surfaces soaked in water served as control group. Each group was then divided into two groups based on the adhesive system used: Clearfil SE Bond and Adper Prompt L-Pop. A teflon mold was used to build the composite (Filtek Z-250) cylinders on the dentinal surface of all the specimens. Shear bond strength was tested for all the specimens with an Instron Universal Testing Machine. The failure mode analysis was performed with a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Results: The results revealed that glutaraldehyde and ferric sulfate significantly reduced the shear bond strength of the tested adhesive systems to primary dentin. Clearfil SE Bond showed much higher shear bond strength than Adper Prompt L Pop to primary dentin. SEM analysis revealed a predominant cohesive failure mode for both adhesive systems. Conclusion: This study revealed that the pulpotomy medicaments glutaraldehyde and ferric sulfate adversely affected the bonding of self-etch adhesive systems to primary dentin.
  5,109 650 1
Griscelli syndrome: A case report of Reye's syndrome and atopic dermatitis history
Z Kirzioglu, AC Altun
December 2008, 26(7):118-120
Griscelli syndrome (GS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that results in pigmentary dilution of the skin and the hair (silver hair), with the presence of large clumps of pigment in hair shafts, and an accumulation of melanosomes in melanocytes. Sixty cases of GS have been reported in the literature, but we could find no description of its oro-dental symptoms. Reye's syndrome (RS) is characterized by acute noninflammatory encephalopathy and renal and hepatic failure, while atopic dermatitis (AD) is a skin disorder with an immunologic basis. The aim of this paper is to describe the oro-dental and physical findings in a girl who had been diagnosed with GS at 3.5 years of age; she also had AD as well as a history of RS at infancy. We discuss the possible relationship between the three syndromes.
  4,270 404 1
Comparative evaluation of shear bond strength of different bracket base designs in dry and wet environments
OP Mehta, S Saini, A Dahiya
December 2008, 26(7):104-108
One hundred and thirty five extracted premolars were selected and bonded with three types of brackets with different bracket base designs viz. Gemini (foil mesh), Miniature twin (Laser etched) and Mini Dynalocks (Integral base). These brackets were bonded with Transbond XT adhesive using two types of primers viz. Conventional Transbond XT in dry conditions and M.I.P in dry and wet environments. The specimens were tested for SBS using Instron machine at C.I.P.E.T. (Amritsar), Punjab. Results were statistically analyzed. Results and Discussion: The Miniature twin brackets revealed higher SBS values as compared to Gemini and Mini Dynalock in dry and wet conditions. All the groups showed higher SBS values in dry conditions as compared to wet conditions respectively. The Gemini and Mini Dynalock brackets showed very little difference of SBS values. Conclusion: Miniature twin brackets with laser etched bracket base in dry and wet environments have revealed the highest SBS values. All the groups have revealed clinically acceptable SBS value of above 8 MPa in moist conditions.
  4,004 393 1
Proud to be Indian
SG Damle
December 2008, 26(7):90-90
  1,572 106 -
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