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Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Official publication of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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   2011| July-September  | Volume 29 | Issue 3  
    Online since October 10, 2011

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Laser-assisted gingivectomy in pediatric patients: A novel alternative treatment
G Gontiya, S Bhatnagar, U Mohandas, SR Galgali
July-September 2011, 29(3):264-269
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85839  PMID:21985887
Gingival enlargement is quite a common pathology in pediatric patients and may be inflammatory, noninflammatory, or a combination of both. Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis, although rare, is a slowly progressive benign enlargement that affects the marginal gingiva, attached gingival, and interdental papilla. The fibromatosis may potentially cover the exposed tooth surfaces, causing esthetic and functional problems. The treatment of gingival fibromatosis is essential because it causes difficulties with mastication, speech problems, mispositioning of teeth, esthetic effects, and psychological difficulties for the patient. Traditional gingivectomy procedures have been a challenge for dentists who confront issues of patient cooperation and discomfort. In the last decade, laser procedures in oral cavity had shown many optimum effects in both hard and soft tissue procedures. Laser soft-tissue surgery has been shown to be well accepted by children. The following case report describes a laser-assisted gingivectomy procedure performed on a 13-year-old female.
  10 10,703 705
Clinical and radiographic evaluation of zinc oxide eugenol and metapex in root canal treatment of primary teeth
S Gupta, G Das
July-September 2011, 29(3):222-228
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85829  PMID:21985878
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically and radiographically zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) and Metapex as root canal filling material in primary teeth. Materials and Methods: Forty-two necrotic primary teeth in two groups of children in the age group of 4−7 years were obturated with ZOE and Metapex and were followed up clinically and radiographically for a period of 6 months postoperatively. Results: The overall success rates of ZOE and Metapex were 85.71% and 90.48%, respectively. Conclusion: Both ZOE and Metapex gave encouraging results; however, Metapex can be used more safely whenever there is a doubt about the patient's return for follow-up.
  10 37,147 2,380
Lingual thyroid in children
P Singhal, KR Sharma, A Singhal
July-September 2011, 29(3):270-272
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85840  PMID:21985888
Lingual thyroid is a rare embryological anomaly and originates from failure of the thyroid gland to descend from the foramen caecum to its normal eutopic pre-laryngeal site. The ectopic gland located at the base of the tongue is often asymptomatic but may cause local symptoms such as dysphagia, dysphonia with stomatolalia, upper airway obstruction and haemorrhage, often with hypothyroidism. One case is presented, in a 5 year-old girl patient, who complained of sensation of a foreign body and progressive dysphagia and dyspnoea caused by ectopic lingual thyroid. The diagnosis of lingual thyroid is usually made clinically and radionuclide scanning is used to confirm the diagnosis. In this case report, presentation, diagnosis and management of this condition is highlighted.
  6 8,008 372
Dentigerous cyst containing multiple impacted teeth: A rare case report
M Rohilla, R Namdev, S Dutta
July-September 2011, 29(3):244-247
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85834  PMID:21985882
The dentigerous cyst is a developmental odontogenic cyst, which apparently develops by accumulation of fluid between reduced enamel epithelium and the tooth crown of an unerupted tooth. It is one of the most prevalent types of odontogenic cysts associated with erupted, developing, or impacted tooth, particularly the mandibular third molars, the other teeth that are commonly affected are maxillary canines. The present case report is unique as it enclosed three permanent maxillary teeth: the central incisor, lateral incisor, and canine that had to be extracted during surgical enucleation of the cyst.
  4 7,394 738
Peripheral ossifying fibroma in the maxillary arch
VA Trasad, GM Devarsa, VV Subba Reddy, ND Shashikiran
July-September 2011, 29(3):255-259
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85837  PMID:21985885
Many types of localized reactive lesions may occur on the gingiva, including focal fibrous hyperplasia, pyogenic granuloma, peripheral giant cell granuloma and peripheral ossifying fibroma. Peripheral ossifying fibroma is a gingival growth, usually arising from interdental papilla and represents up to 2% of all lesions that are biopsied. Other terms used to describe this lesion include peripheral cementifying fibroma, peripheral fibroma with cementogenesis, peripheral fibroma with osteogenesis, peripheral fibroma with calcification, calcified or ossified fibrous epulis and calcified fibroblastic granuloma. This article reports a case of a 10 year old male child with an unusually large peripheral ossifying fibroma in the left maxillary alveolar ridge which showed recurrence after the surgical treatment.
  4 6,243 503
Medical professional perception, attitude, knowledge, and experience about child abuse and neglect in Bagalkot district of north Karnataka: A survey report
SV Kirankumar, H Noorani, PK Shivprakash, S Sinha
July-September 2011, 29(3):193-197
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85807  PMID:21985873
Aims: The aim of this study was to analyze medical professional, perception, attitude, knowledge, and experience about child abuse and neglect in Bagalkot district, north Karnataka, India. Materials and Methods: Two hundred medical professional, working in both public and private sectors in the province were interviewed by a single operator. Descriptive analyses were carried out by using the obtained data. Results: Medical professional's perception about child abuse and neglect (CAN) is low and these professionals have poor attitude and knowledge toward CAN in accordance with the code of conduct and law. The available information and education is also poor. Conclusions: The results obtained from the study showed that there is lack of knowledge and poor attitude and perception about CAN among medical professionals that prevents them from detecting and identifying suspected cases. Continuing medical education is required to enhance the ability of professionals to detect CAN cases.
  4 7,052 507
Cleidocranial dysplasia: A report of two cases
DN Mehta, RV Vachhani, MB Patel
July-September 2011, 29(3):251-254
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85836  PMID:21985884
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is an autosomal dominant disorder that presents with skeletal dysplasia. It commonly presents with significant dental problems such as retention of multiple deciduous teeth, impaction or delay in eruption of permanent teeth, and often with the presence of supernumerary teeth. We report two cases showing clinical and radiographic features of CCD.
  3 10,456 444
A comparative study of pH modulation and trace elements of various fruit juices on enamel erosion: An in vitro study
S.V.S.G Nirmala, VV Subba Reddy
July-September 2011, 29(3):205-215
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85814  PMID:21985876
Fruit juices are popular worldwide with children of all ages as they are sweet and perceived to be healthful. This in vitro study was sought to measure pH of 10 different fruit juices, to find out possible erosive effects on human dental enamel of 40 extracted sound premolars and also to measure fluoride and trace elements of these juices. The estimation of pH of fruit juices was done by using Systronic upH 362 pH meter. The erosive effects of fruit juices were tested by using polarized light microscope. Orion electrode was used to measure fluoride. The trace elements were estimated by using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer No. 6501F. The pH values in different juices were observed at different levels, and pH values of these juices were more acidic than baseline after 24 hours. As the time increased, the erosion effect became more in pineapple; grape and sugarcane juices, and they had more cariogenic trace elements like selenium, iron and manganese. So, these juices were found to be cariogenic. To conclude, orange, mousambi, mango, pomegranate, apple, chikku and watermelon juices had no erosive effect on the human enamel, with the presence of highest amount of trace elements like fluoride and phosphorous which are considered as strongly cariostatic.
  3 22,615 795
Plaque removal efficacy of powered and manual toothbrushes under supervised and unsupervised conditions: A comparative clinical study
S Kallar, IK Pandit, N Srivastava, N Gugnani
July-September 2011, 29(3):235-238
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85832  PMID:21985880
The present study was undertaken to determine and compare the efficacy of manual and powered toothbrushes under supervised and unsupervised conditions in 200 school-going children between 6 and 13 years of age. Two hundred school-going children aged between 6 and 13 years were selected. Children were randomly divided into two groups of 100 in each. Group 1 children were given manual brushes, while group 2 children were given powered brushes. The groups were further divided into two subgroups, with supervised brushing in subgroup A and unsupervised brushing in subgroup B. At 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks, plaque was recorded according to Turseky-Gilmore-Glickman modification of Quingley Hein index and oral hygiene performance index. Data were statistically analyzed. Both brushes significantly reduced the plaque accumulation, though to different degrees. Powered brushes showed significant plaque reduction as compared to the manual brushes. Supervised group of both brushes showed a greater plaque reduction.
  3 9,703 526
Talon cusp in a primary incisor: A rare entity
A Kapur, A Goyal, S Bhatia
July-September 2011, 29(3):248-250
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85835  PMID:21985883
This case report describes the presence of a talon cusp in a right primary incisor in a 6-year-old girl. It is a rare entity with only three cases having been reported from the Indian population. The talon cusp showed presence of wear facets along with altered morphology of the involved tooth. No treatment was done apart from sealing the cusp-tooth interface with fissure sealant.
  2 6,900 392
The most effective and essential way of improving the oral health status education
S Chachra, P Dhawan, T Kaur, AK Sharma
July-September 2011, 29(3):216-221
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85825  PMID:21985877
Background: Oral health is an essential component of health throughout life. Two major oral diseases, dental caries and periodontal diseases, are both ancient and widespread. The oral health situation analysis demands that the preventive program be implemented in both the developing and developed countries. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of delivering the primary preventive strategies through non dental and dental personnel. Aims and Objectives: To develops the preventive package for improving the oral health status of children utilizing the different communication approaches. To find out the most feasible and effective communication approach for delivering the preventive package. To evaluate the changes produced in terms of various soft and hard core parameters after 6 months of implementation of the oral-health preventive package in the school children of different study groups as compared to control. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on total of 972 children in the age group of 5-16 years who were randomly selected from four schools of Chandigarh and Panchkula to evaluate and compare the prevalence of dental caries and knowledge, attitude, and practice about oral health. Results and Conclusions: The results of various parameters indicate that direct communication through the dentist proved to be the most effective communication approach as compared to the other two indirect communication approaches.
  2 9,509 909
Post-surgical dentofacial deformities and dental treatment needs in cleft-lip-palate children: A clinical study
V Krishna Priya, J Sharada Reddy, Y Ramakrishna, C Pujita Reddy
July-September 2011, 29(3):229-234
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85831  PMID:21985879
Background: Cleft lip and palate is a common congenital defect. It is one of the most common facial deformities occurring in major racial and ethnic groups. Aims: The aim of the present study was to record the post-surgical dentofacial deformities in operated cleft lip and palate children, as well as to assess the multitude and magnitude of their dental and other related problems so as to formulate an appropriate treatment plan for complete oral rehabilitation of these children. Materials and Methods: The present in vivo study was conducted on 50 operated cleft lip and palate children (23 males and 27 females) ranging from 3 to 14 years of age in an attempt to evaluate the post-surgical dentofacial abnormalities in these children. Results and Conclusions: The study revealed that the distribution of cleft deformity is shown out of 23 male children, 11 children with unilateral cleft lip, 9 children with bilateral cleft lip palate, and remaining 3 children were with cleft palate. Out of 27 female children, 19 children with unilateral cleft lip palate, 3 children with bilateral cleft lip palate, and 5 children with cleft palate. This study showed a wide range of surgical, dental, and functional problems in all operated cleft lip and palate patients. Hence, the study concluded that the effect of timing of the cleft repair on the overall development of facio skeletal-dental structures showed insignificant differences among the various operated cleft-lip-palate children.
  2 6,068 490
Awareness and attitude of patients' parents toward pulp therapy of the primary teeth: A clinical survey
JV Setty, I Srinivasan
July-September 2011, 29(3):198-201
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85810  PMID:21985874
Aims and Objective: The present study was carried out to find out the awareness and attitude of parents of patients, toward the pulpal treatment of primary teeth, visiting a dental hospital in a Bangalore suburban area. Materials and Methods: A total of 685 parents of the child patients requiring pulp treatment procedures visiting the dental OPD over a period of 18 months were personally interviewed with a questionnaire and their responses were immediately computed. Results: Urban populations seeking dental treatment are more in number as compared to the rural population. Pain and associated feature was the most common reason among both urban (71.92%) and rural (93.3%) patients visiting a dental office. Conclusions: It is important to create more awareness among the populace of our country about the significance of maintaining a healthy primary dentition and attendant sequalae if not done so.
  2 5,198 640
Feeding plate for a neonate with Pierre Robin sequence
J Radhakrishnan, A Sharma
July-September 2011, 29(3):239-243
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85833  PMID:21985881
Pierre Robin Sequence is a congenital condition involving a combination of micrognathia and glossoptosis with or without a cleft palate. Feeding problems are often associated with cleft anamoly which make it difficult for the infant to maintain adequate nutrition. Here we present a case of 58-day-old neonate with Pierre Robin sequence, in whom we contructed a palatal obturtor for feeding.
  - 8,646 490
Correction of skeletal Class III in a growing male patient by reverse pull facemask
P Kapoor, OP Kharbanda
July-September 2011, 29(3):273-277
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85841  PMID:21985889
The following case report describes the management of a 6-year-old male patient in early mixed dentition with a mesial step molar relation, an anterior reverse overjet, and skeletal Class III due to a slightly deficient maxilla. The treatment plan included protraction of the maxilla by a reverse pull Petit type facemask for 10 months followed by 15 months of active retention by a Frankel III appliance.
  - 13,172 732
Vertex occlusal radiography in localizing unerupted mesiodentes
P Chalakkal, AM Thomas, F Akkara, Ida de Noronha de Ataide
July-September 2011, 29(3):260-263
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85838  PMID:21985886
The aim was to compare the vertex occlusal projection with the anterior maxillary occlusal projection in localizing the position of mesiodentes. Mesiodentes were observed in an 8-year-old boy with an anterior maxillary occlusal radiograph. A vertex occlusal radiograph was taken to compare it with the former in terms of mesiodentes localization with respect to the maxillary central incisors. The vertex occlusal radiograph provided greater details of the position and proximity of mesiodentes with respect to the long axis of maxillary central incisors in comparison to the anterior maxillary occlusal radiograph. Vertex occlusal radiography is an important diagnostic tool in diagnosing the presence, position, and proximity of mesiodentes with respect to the long axis of normally aligned maxillary central incisors. However, it is not recommended for routine use in a patient as its radiation dose is higher than conventional intraoral radiographic methods.
  - 11,482 460
Greetings from Davangere, Karnataka, India: Pediatric dentistry-The present scenario
VV Subba Reddy
July-September 2011, 29(3):187-187
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85800  PMID:21985871
  - 2,782 220
Familial hypophosphatemic rickets
S Vivekanandan
July-September 2011, 29(3):278-279
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85842  PMID:21985890
  - 3,462 206
Fluoride rechargability of a non-resin auto-cured glass ionomer cement from a fluoridated dentifrice: An in vitro study
A Rao, A Rao, P Sudha
July-September 2011, 29(3):202-204
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85812  PMID:21985875
Background: In addition to their fluoride-releasing properties, glass ionomer cement (GICs) have the ability to reuptake and release fluorides from commonly used sources like fluoridated dentifrices. This property has the potential to provide a continuous low concentration of fluoride in the saliva aiding in caries prevention. The superior fluoride-recharging abilities of resin-modified GICs over conventional GICs have been documented. The manufacturer of a non-resin, auto-cured GIC (GC Fuji VII) claims fluoride release from the product to be about six times that of conventional GIC. It was hypothesized that perhaps this high fluoride release could translate into a high reuptake and release, when exposed to a 1 000 ppm fluoridated dentifrice every day, thus providing increased fluoride levels in saliva. Aims: This study therefore examined fluoride-recharging abilities of the non-resin, auto-cured glass ionomer cement from a 1 000 ppm fluoridated dentifrice and compared it with resin-modified glass ionomer cement. Materials and Methods: Twelve glass ionomer discs each of resin-modified glass ionomer cement (GC Fuji II L C, Group 1) and the non-resin, auto-cured glass ionomer cement (GC Fuji VII, Group 2) were prepared with precise dimensions of 9 x 2 mm. The 12 specimens in each group were further subdivided into two subgroups of six each. Subgroup A involved no fluoride treatment (Control). Subgroup B involved application of a 1 000 ppm dentifrice for 2 minutes twice daily with a soft toothbrush. The disc-specimens were then suspended in airtight plastic bottles containing exactly 20 ml double distilled water. The fluoride concentration of the water in which the specimen discs were immersed was measured by means of a fluoride ion selective electrode connected to an ion selective electrode meter/digital ion analyzer at 1, 2, 7, 15, and 30 days. Statistical Analysis: It was performed using the Kruskal-Wallis Test. Results and Conclusion: Fuji VII, despite a high fluoride release, did not significantly recharge when exposed to a 1 000 ppm fluoridated dentifrice.
  - 5,029 466
Refractory epilepsy and the ketogenic diet: Pathophysiological aspects and possible implications in dental practice
A Sharma, VP Mathur
July-September 2011, 29(3):188-192
DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.85803  PMID:21985872
Epilepsy denotes any disorder characterized by recurrent seizures due to abnormal paroxysmal neuronal discharge in the brain. Symptoms range from sensory absences to convulsive movements and loss of consciousness. Antiepileptic drugs are the first line of treatment. However, 20% individuals with epilepsy have drug-resistant seizures despite optimal treatment. For those with refractory epilepsy, the ketogenic diet is an effective alternative therapeutic approach. The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate, and adequate-protein diet that mimics the biochemical effects of fasting. There are many disparate mechanistic theories of how this diet protects against seizures. Key insights indicate that it has effects on intermediary metabolism that influence the dynamics of the major inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmitter systems in brain. This paper discusses the implicitly significant and diverse biochemical changes affected by this unique therapeutic approach that may have a bearing on oral health and the delivery of dental care to individuals with refractory epilepsy.
  - 6,583 496
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